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Arabic Alphabet With Tajweed and Makharij (Point of Articulation)

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Welcome to the journey of revealing the hidden beauty of the Arabic alphabet! Whether you are someone who is just starting to study the ancient language or someone who is interested in improving your knowledge, knowing the Arabic alphabet is important. But today we don’t just watch it being built; Instead, we will delve into Tajweed, the art of reciting the Quran with correct pronunciation and melodic intonation. Get ready for a fascinating discovery that will improve your understanding and enjoy the best knowledge of this language. Are you ready? Let’s start this happy journey together!

What is the Tajweed Arabic Alphabet ?


Tajweed letters are letters in the Arabic alphabet that have a special pronunciation or have certain properties when said in the Quran Recitation. There are 29 tajweed letters in Arabic and they are divided into two groups. 

  • Heavy Letters: These are the letters that are pronounced with more force and weight. These are 14 letters, which are: ق, ط, ب, ج, د, ذ, ر, ز, ص, ض, ث, خ, ح, غ.
  • Light Letters: These are the letters that are pronounced with less force and weight. These are 15 letters, which are: أ, و, ه, ي, ن, م, ل, ك, ق, ف, س, ش, ء, ع, ت.

When you learn the Arabic letters in the exact way, it would be so much easier to read these letters when you recite the Quran with Tajweed. This would be possible when you learn the Makharij (Point of Articulation) of these letters accurately. Here we will explain how to properly pronounce each Arabic letter with Tajweed.

Makharij of Arabic Letters

Makharij is the Point of articulation of letters. It is defined as The place in the mouth that generates the sound of each Arabic letter. Mukharij recognize the correct position of speech so that the letter becomes different from others.

Importance of Makharij Al Haroof


Learning Makharij Al Haroof or reading the pronunciation content of the Quran is important for anyone who wants to read and understand the content words of the Quran correctly. This knowledge helps Muslims pronounce each letter correctly and avoid mistakes while reading.

Number of Makharij Letters

Scholars be dissimilar to the number of these Makharij points of articulation. Some accept there are 16, some accept 14. We folow towards the grammarian Al Khalil’s opinion who is the most of the specialists of tajweed, such as Ibn Al Jazari, who consider that there are 17 makhârijs.

The 17 makhârij are grouped into five main places of articulation.

  • The empty space in the mouth (الجَوف). 
  • The throat (الحَلْق)
  • The tongue (اللِّسان)
  • The lips (الشَّفَتانِ)
  • The nose (الخَيْشُوم)

1. The Empty space in the mouth (الجَوف)

  Al jawf الجَوف is the empty space inside the mouth. Three letters (alif ا, wow و and yaa ي)are articulate from this point these are:

  • ا which forms the sound Alif when it carries sukoon and is come before by a fatha.
  • Theو which forms the sound “wao” when it carry sukoon (sakin) and is carryy before by a damma.
  •  The ي which forms the sound “yaa” when it carries sukoon (sakin) and is come before by a kasra.
Example: 

                            نُوحِيهَا إِلَيْكَ

2. The throat (الحَلْق)

The throat includes 3 exit points:

  • أَقْصَى الحَلْق (aqsa al-halq): the back of throat
  • وَسَطُ الحَلْق (wasat al-halq): the middle of throat
  • أَدْنَى الحَلْق (adna al-halq): the entrance to throat.
أَقْصَى الحَلْق (adnâ al-halq) : the entrance to throat

This area is located at the level of the larynx. Two letters drive from this point: hamza ء and ha ه.

وَسَطُ الحَلْق (wasat al-halq): the middle of throat

It is the area located at the level of the pharynx (glottis). The letters ‘aiyn ع and Haa ح drive of this place.

أَدْنَى الحَلْق (adna al-halq): the entrance to the throat

It is the part of the throat which is closer to the mouth. It is the point where letters ghayn غ and kha خ articulate.

The tongue (اللِّسان)

There are 5 different parts of the tongue and 18 letters come out from this.

  • Aqsa’ul Lisan: Two letters comes out from this, Qaaf ق and Kaf ك
  • Wast’ul Lisan: Three letters comes out from this; Jeem ج, shein ش and Yaa ي
  • Hafa’ul Lisan: Only one letter comes out from this; Zuad ض, and it is most difficult to pronounce.
  • Tarf’ul Lisan: Three letters comes out from this; Noon ن, laam ل, raaر
  • Raa’sul Lisan: Nine letters comes out from this: Tua ط, Daal د, Taa ت, Zuaa ظ, Zaal ذ, Saa ث, Suad ص, Zaa ز and Sen  

The lips (الشَّفَتانِ)

The lips include Two makharij and comes out 4 letters:

  1. The front of the lower lip resting against the upper central touch point forms the point of articulation of the letter faa ف.
  2. Between the two lips is set up the point of articulation of the letters wao و, baa ب  and meem م.

The nasal cavity (الخَيْشُوم)

The nasal cavity is also called nasal noise (ghunna الغُتة). This happens with the letter noon ن and the meem م when they comes out after shedda  ّ. At noon ن, the meem م and the tanween are sakeen, but under certain conditions.

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Conclusion

Makharij al haroof can be difficult to learn, but it is an important part of learning Arabic. With enough practice and the guidance of a qualified teacher, students can become more proficient in pronunciation and intonation, thus improving their language skills. Mastering the Arabic alphabet may be difficult, but it is worth the effort. With a little dedication and practice, anyone can learn to read the Quran correctly in Tajweed with Arabic Alphabet. Also Knowing how to pronounce each letter correctly will help you unlock the magic of reading the Quran and open new doors to your understanding of Islamic knowledge. Why not start learning today? Join our free trial class from this form below!

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